Christopher Anderegg, M.D., Ph.D.
Kathy Archibald, B.Sc.
Jarrod Bailey, Ph.D.
Murry J. Cohen, M.D.
Stephen R. Kaufman, M.D.
John J. Pippin, M.D., F.A.C.C.

Medical Research Modernization Committee, 2006

This document is available as a PDF file by clicking on these links:

A Critical Look at Animal Experimentation - Critical_Look.pdf

Un regard critique sur l'expérimentation animale - Critical_Look_f.pdf

Tierversuche aus kritischer Sicht - Critical_Look_d.pdf


The Medical Research Modernization Committee (MRMC) is a non-profit health advocacy organization composed of medical professionals and scientists who identify and promote efficient, reliable and cost-effective research methods. The MRMC focuses exclusively on the scientific merits of different research approaches, even though some undoubtedly raise serious and important ethical concerns. MRMC-sponsored activities include research, publishing and student education.

To order additional copies of this booklet free of charge, for regular Email reports and/or for more information about animal experiments, contact:

      In the United States: Medical Research Modernization Committee, P.O. Box 201791, Cleveland, Ohio 44120, U.S.A., Tel./Fax 216-283-6702, Email:,

      In the United Kingdom: Europeans for Medical Progress, P.O. Box 38604, London W13 0YR, U.K., Tel./Fax 020 8997 1265, Email:,

      In Switzerland: Association for the Abolition of Animal Experiments, Ostbuhlstrasse 32, CH-8038 Zurich, Switzerland, Tel./Fax +41 (0)44 482 73 52, Email:,

Increasing numbers of scientists and clinicians are challenging animal experimentation on medical and scientific grounds.1-3 In the United Kingdom, for example, 82% of general practitioners said they were "concerned that animal data can be misleading when applied to humans", according to a 2004 survey commissioned by Europeans for Medical Progress.4 Considerable evidence demonstrates that animal experimentation is inefficient and unreliable, while newly developed methodologies are more valid and less expensive than animal studies.


Historical Impact of Animal Experimentation
Contemporary Animal Experimentation
Non-Animal Methodologies
References and Notes

© Medical Research Modernization Committee, 2006

a detailed outline is below

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Table of Contents

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Historical Impact of Animal Experimentation
Contemporary Animal Experimentation
Selective Diseases
Degenerative Neurological Diseases
Psychiatry and Psychology
Genetic Diseases
Toxicity Testing
Educational Exercise
Animal Research Risks
Importance of Clinical Research
Non-Animal Methodologies
Patient Studies
Post-Marketing Surveillance
Other Non-Animal Methods
References and Notes

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